Socialist Entrepreneurs: Embourgeoisement in Rural Hungary Iván Szelényi

ISBN: 9780299113643

Published: June 15th 1988

Paperback

320 pages


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Socialist Entrepreneurs: Embourgeoisement in Rural Hungary  by  Iván Szelényi

Socialist Entrepreneurs: Embourgeoisement in Rural Hungary by Iván Szelényi
June 15th 1988 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, ZIP | 320 pages | ISBN: 9780299113643 | 9.50 Mb

Among the East European nations, Hungary has been noted in recent years for permitting, even encouraging, family entrepreneurship in agriculture. In this highly empirical study, Ivan Szelenyi and his collaborators explore this phenomenon, affording a rare view of the reemergence of private sector activity in a socialist society, and offering new insights into the very origins of capitalism.In the years since the government relaxed its policy of forced collectivization, approximately ten percent of rural Hungarian families have taken up entrepreneurial opportunities in agriculture. Why they have chosen this course—and why ninety percent of family have chosen to remain in proletarian or cadre positions—are central questions in Szelenyi’s inquiry.The theory advocated here is one of “interrupted embourgeoisement.” Those people who, during the years of Stalinism, found occupations in which they could successfully resist the dual pressures of proletarianization and cadrefication are the ones now able to reenter the interrupted embourgeoisement trajectory.

As a result, the communist “revolution from above” has been challenged by a somewhat unexpected “revolution from below,” in the process producing a socialist mixed economic system that seems to be as different from Soviet—style communism as it is from Western capitalism.“This is a very, very important work, combining rich primary research by Szelenyi and four colleagues with a major ‘step toward a theory of articulation of a state socialist mixed economy.’  .  .  .  Using surveys from 1972-73 and 1982-84, the authors traced life histories to identify variables that showed why families responded differently to proletarianization, formation of a new working class, or embourgeoisement.”—World Development



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